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Herbs To Use

Herbs have been an important component of life, since the beginning of time. There are many valuable herbs that we can use in our daily lives. Getting to know herbs and their many uses is indispensable.

Below, is a collection of some very useful Plant Families. The lists of plants, in each family, are not a complete list of all plants in each family, but each list gives some of the more familiar edible plants, and other useful herbs that we may use.

Plants that belong to a family, usually have a number of similarities in appearance (just as the members of a human family); this maybe in shape of leaf, flower form, or seed capsule. And often plants in the same family may also have similar uses for us; e.g. many herbs in the Apiaceae Family are valued as aiding digestion of food.

By getting to know the very useful families, below, then the herbs in your garden will be more meaningful.

Some toxic and poisonous plants to be aware of, in these families, are noted by an * after the plant name.

For more, and detailed information on the many uses of the herbs and plants in these lists, please visit herbsarespecial.com.au and checkout Isabell Shipard's books and DVDs. Isabell's Herb Course on DVD will cover these Plant Families and many uses of the plants and herbs found within these plant families.

May your garden bring much joy, satisfaction and be a beautiful and interesting place.


Acanthaceae
Mushroom Plant
King Of Bitters

Amaranthaceae
Grain Amaranth
Tampala
Mukunuwenna
Purple Mukunuwenna
Sambu Lettuce
Bhajhee

Amaryllidaceae
(Formerly Known As Liiaceae)
# Symbol - Purity
Garlic
Leek
Chives
Shallots
Onion
Tree Onion
Society Garlic

Apiaceae
(Formerly Umbelliferae)
Flowers And Seed Heads Have ‘Umbrella’ Shape
# Symbol - Protection
Angelica
Anise
Arracacha
Ajowan
Asafetida
Cnidium
Carrot
Celery
Celeriac
Chervil
Coriander
Thai Coriander
Cumin
Dill
Caraway
Parsley
Gotu Kola
Fennel
Lovage
Mitsuba
Sweet Cicely
Parsnip
Rock Samphire
Poison Hemlock*

Araceae
Calamus
Coco Yam
Taro
Monsterio

Asteraceae
(Formerly Compositae)
Daisy Flowers And Sun Lovers
# Symbol - Harmony
Artichoke (Globe & Jerusalem)
Blessed Thistle
Yarrow
Calendula
Camomile
Golden Rod
Coltsfoot
Curry Plant
Chrysanthemum
Chicory
Lettuce
Cardoon
Burdock
Dandelion
Cornflower
Echinacea
Elecampane
Endive
Everlasting Daisies
Feverfew
Chop Suey Greens
Marigold
Mouse Ears
St. Mary’s Thistle
Southernwood
Milk Thistle (Puah)
Mugwort
Eclipta
Emelia
Pyrethum
Stevia
Tansy
Sweet Fruit Root
Sunflower
Bellis Perennis
Cobblers Pegs
Groundsel
Tarragon
Sweet Tarragon
Toothache Plant
Wormwoods

Boraginaceae
Comfrey
Borage
Forget-Me-Not
Lungwort

Brassicaceae
(Formerly Cruciferae)
Flowers Are In Shape Of Cross
# Symbol - Sacrifice
Cauliflower
Mustard
Kale
Cabbage
Brussel Sprouts
Broccoli
Radish
Cress
Turnip
Rocket
Watercress
Horseradish
Wasabi
Money Plant
Maca
Flickweed
Shepherd’s Purse

Cucurbitaceae
Cucumbers
Zucchini
Pumpkins
Watermelons
Rockmelons
Choko
Chilacayote
Gourds
Bitter Melon
Pie Melons
Squash
Snake Gourd
Flour Gourd
Loofah
Long Bean

Euphorbaceae
Cassava
Sweet Leaf Bush
Star Gooseberry
Petty Spurge *
Phyllanthus
Queensland Asthma Weed *
Candlenut
Snow-In-The-Mountains *

Lamiaceae
(Formerly Labiatae)
Plants Have Lip-Shaped Flowers And Square Stems
# Symbol - Devotion
Mints
Thymes
Basils
Sages
Chia
Oregano
Marjoram
Savory
Germander
Rosemary
Skullcap
Lavender
Self Heal
Lemon Balm
Betony
Chinese Artichokes
Motherwort
Woundwort
Perilla
Catnip
Calamint
Cat’s Whiskers
Bergamot
Mother Of Herbs
Bugle
Alehoof
Pennyroyal
Hyssop
Patchouli
White Horehound
Ratala/Inula
Hottentot
Plectranthus / Coleus

Lauraceae
Bay
Avocado
Cinnamon
Sassafras
Camphor Laurel *

Valerianaceae
Lemon Verbena
Vervain
Valerian
Chaste Tree
Corn Salad
Aztec Sweet Herb
Lantana *

Violaceae
Sweet Violet
Heartsease

Zingiberaceae
Gingers
Cardamom
Galangals
Turmeric
Kenchur
Chinese Keys

Legume / Fabaceae Family
(Formerly Called Leguminosae)
Now Divided For Convenience Into
3 Sub-Families:
- Caesalpiniaceae
Includes Legumes Like Tamarind
Carob
Bauhinia
Cassia
- Mimosaceae
Includes Sensitive Plant
Wattles
Icecream Bean
- Fabaceae
(Papilionaceae)
(Most Of The Food Legumes)
Alfalfa
Fenugreek
Lentils
American Ground Nut
Peanuts
The Many Bean Varieties That We Use As Food
Caterpillar Plant
Jicama
Kudzu
Binko
Lupin
Chickpeas
Licorice
Mellilot
Peas
Butterfly Pea
Indigo
Pigeon Pea
Pinto Pea
Guar
Red Clover
Rice Beans
Mucuna
Vegetable Hummingbird Tree
Senna
Crotalaria
Gidee-Gidee *
Tree Lucerne
Bush Lucerne
Tephrosia
Derris
Goat’s Rue
Leuceana
Sturt Desert Pea
Cancer Bush / Sutherlandia

Liliaceae
Aloe Species
Lily-Of-The-Valley
Daly Lily
New Zealand Flax

Malvaceae
Okra, also called Gumbo
Hollyhock
Marshmallow
Rosella
Red Lantern Hibiscus
Queensland Greens
Cotton Tree
Paddy's Lucerne
Mallow
Curled Salad Mallow

Moringaceae
Drumstick Tree
Phantom Tree

Myrtaceae
Allspice
Clove
Eucalyptus
Culinary Myrtle
Brazilian Cherry
Indian Hill Gooseberry
Midyim
Cedar Bay Cherry
Jambolan
Nutmeg
Grumichama
Lilly Pilly
Bottlebrush
Jaboticaba
Guava
Lemon Myrtle
Rose Apple
Malay Apple
Melaleuca
Wax Jambu
Feijoa
Leptospermum

Papaveraceae
Greater Celandine
Poppy

Poaceae
(Formerly Known As Gramineae)
Wheat
Barley
Rice
Oats
Rye
Bamboo
Palmarosa
Vetiver Grass
Lemon Grass
Australian Native Lemon Grasses
Vanilla Grass
Corn
Incense Grass
Citronella Grass
Reed Canary Grass
Job’s Tears
Zebra Grass
Job’s Tears

Polygonaceae
Buckwheat
Vietnamese Hot Mint
Tade
Rhubarb
Turkey Rhubarb
French Sorrel
Sheep Sorrel
Docks

Portulacaceae
Purslane
Leaf Ginseng
Jade

Piperaceae
Peppercorns
Betel Leaf
Betel Pepper
Kava

Rosacea
# Symbol - Love
Rose
Hawthorn
Nectarine
Strawberries
Blackberries
Raspberries
Native Raspberries
Agrimony
Salad Burnet
Meadowsweet
Ladies Mantle
Potentilla
Cinquefoil
Avens
Apples
Pear
Quince
Almond
Peach
Cherries
Apricot
Prune
And All In The Prunus Genus

Rutaceae
Curry Leaf Tree
Bael Fruit
Rue
Lemon
Orange
Mandarin
Wampi
Pummelo
Grape Fruit
Elephant Apple
Lime
Australian Finger Lime
Boronia
Kaffir Lime
White Sapote
Kumquat

Scrophulariaceae
Brahmi
Rau Om
Paulownia
Black Mullein
White Mullein
Brooklime
Speedwell

Solanaceae
Tomato
Potato
Capsicum
Chillies
Indian Ginseng
Goji Berry
Eggplant
Cape Gooseberry
Chinese Lantern
Pepino
Duboisia
Udder Plant *
Mandrake
Henbane *
Tobacco *
Datura *
Jimson Weed *
Shoofly Plant *
Native Gooseberry
Australian Native Tomato
Black Nightshade
Belladonna *
Duboisia
Kantikari
Devil’s Apple *
Tamarillo

Tiliaceae
Salad Mallow
Jute
Linden
Grewia

 
 

 

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