Herbs To Use

Herbs have been an important component of life, since the beginning of time. There are many valuable herbs that we can use in our daily lives. Getting to know herbs and their many uses is indispensable.

Below, is a collection of some very useful Plant Families. The lists of plants, in each family, are not a complete list of all plants in each family, but each list gives some of the more familiar edible plants, and other useful herbs that we may use.

Plants that belong to a family, usually have a number of similarities in appearance (just as the members of a human family); this maybe in shape of leaf, flower form, or seed capsule. And often plants in the same family may also have similar uses for us; e.g. many herbs in the Apiaceae Family are valued as aiding digestion of food.

By getting to know the very useful families, below, then the herbs in your garden will be more meaningful.

Some toxic and poisonous plants to be aware of, in these families, are noted by an * after the plant name.

For more, and detailed information on the many uses of the herbs and plants in these lists, please visit herbsarespecial.com.au and checkout Isabell Shipard's books and DVDs. Isabell's Herb Course on DVD will cover these Plant Families and many uses of the plants and herbs found within these plant families.

May your garden bring much joy, satisfaction and be a beautiful and interesting place.

Acanthaceae

Mushroom Plant

King Of Bitters

Amaranthaceae

Grain Amaranth

Tampala

Mukunuwenna

Purple Mukunuwenna

Sambu Lettuce

Bhajhee

Amaryllidaceae

(Formerly Known As Liiaceae)

# Symbol - Purity

Garlic

Leek

Chives

Shallots

Onion

Tree Onion

Society Garlic

Apiaceae

(Formerly Umbelliferae)

Flowers And Seed Heads Have ‘Umbrella’ Shape

# Symbol - Protection

Angelica

Anise

Arracacha

Ajowan

Asafetida

Cnidium

Carrot

Celery

Celeriac

Chervil

Coriander

Thai Coriander

Cumin

Dill

Caraway

Parsley

Gotu Kola

Fennel

Lovage

Mitsuba

Sweet Cicely

Parsnip

Rock Samphire

Poison Hemlock*

Araceae

Calamus

Coco Yam

Taro

Monsterio

Asteraceae

(Formerly Compositae)

Daisy Flowers And Sun Lovers

# Symbol - Harmony

Artichoke (Globe & Jerusalem)

Blessed Thistle

Yarrow

Calendula

Camomile

Golden Rod

Coltsfoot

Curry Plant

Chrysanthemum

Chicory

Lettuce

Cardoon

Burdock

Dandelion

Cornflower

Echinacea

Elecampane

Endive

Everlasting Daisies

Feverfew

Chop Suey Greens

Marigold

Mouse Ears

St. Mary’s Thistle

Southernwood

Milk Thistle (Puah)

Mugwort

Eclipta

Emelia

Pyrethum

Stevia

Tansy

Sweet Fruit Root

Sunflower

Bellis Perennis

Cobblers Pegs

Groundsel

Tarragon

Sweet Tarragon

Toothache Plant

Wormwoods

Boraginaceae

Comfrey

Borage

Forget-Me-Not

Lungwort

 

Brassicaceae

(Formerly Cruciferae)

Flowers Are In Shape Of Cross

# Symbol - Sacrifice

Cauliflower

Mustard

Kale

Cabbage

Brussel Sprouts

Broccoli

Radish

Cress

Turnip

Rocket

Watercress

Horseradish

Wasabi

Money Plant

Maca

Flickweed

Shepherd’s Purse

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumbers

Zucchini

Pumpkins

Watermelons

Rockmelons

Choko

Chilacayote

Gourds

Bitter Melon

Pie Melons

Squash

Snake Gourd

Flour Gourd

Loofah

Long Bean

Euphorbaceae

Cassava

Sweet Leaf Bush

Star Gooseberry

Petty Spurge *

Phyllanthus

Queensland Asthma Weed *

Candlenut

Snow-In-The-Mountains *

Lamiaceae

(Formerly Labiatae)

Plants Have Lip-Shaped Flowers And Square Stems

# Symbol - Devotion

Mints

Thymes

Basils

Sages

Chia

Oregano

Marjoram

Savory

Germander

Rosemary

Skullcap

Lavender

Self Heal

Lemon Balm

Betony

Chinese Artichokes

Motherwort

Woundwort

Perilla

Catnip

Calamint

Cat’s Whiskers

Bergamot

Mother Of Herbs

Bugle

Alehoof

Pennyroyal

Hyssop

Patchouli

White Horehound

Ratala/Inula

Hottentot

Plectranthus / Coleus

Lauraceae

Bay

Avocado

Cinnamon

Sassafras

Camphor Laurel *

Valerianaceae

Lemon Verbena

Vervain

Valerian

Chaste Tree

Corn Salad

Aztec Sweet Herb

Lantana *

Violaceae

Sweet Violet

Heartsease

Zingiberaceae

Gingers

Cardamom

Galangals

Turmeric

Kenchur

Chinese Keys

Legume / Fabaceae Family

(Formerly Called Leguminosae)

Now Divided For Convenience Into

3 Sub-Families:

- Caesalpiniaceae

Includes Legumes Like Tamarind

Carob

Bauhinia

Cassia

- Mimosaceae

Includes Sensitive Plant

Wattles

Icecream Bean

- Fabaceae

(Papilionaceae)

(Most Of The Food Legumes)

Alfalfa

Fenugreek

Lentils

American Ground Nut

Peanuts

The Many Bean Varieties That We Use As Food

Caterpillar Plant

Jicama

Kudzu

Binko

Lupin

Chickpeas

Licorice

Mellilot

Peas

Butterfly Pea

Indigo

Pigeon Pea

Pinto Pea

Guar

Red Clover

Rice Beans

Mucuna

Vegetable Hummingbird Tree

Senna

Crotalaria

Gidee-Gidee *

Tree Lucerne

Bush Lucerne

Tephrosia

Derris

Goat’s Rue

Leuceana

Sturt Desert Pea

Cancer Bush / Sutherlandia

Liliaceae

Aloe Species

Lily-Of-The-Valley

Daly Lily

New Zealand Flax

Malvaceae

Okra, also called Gumbo

Hollyhock

Marshmallow

Rosella

Red Lantern Hibiscus

Queensland Greens

Cotton Tree

Paddy's Lucerne

Mallow

Curled Salad Mallow

Moringaceae

Drumstick Tree

Phantom Tree

 

Myrtaceae

Allspice

Clove

Eucalyptus

Culinary Myrtle

Brazilian Cherry

Indian Hill Gooseberry

Midyim

Cedar Bay Cherry

Jambolan

Nutmeg

Grumichama

Lilly Pilly

Bottlebrush

Jaboticaba

Guava

Lemon Myrtle

Rose Apple

Malay Apple

Melaleuca

Wax Jambu

Feijoa

Leptospermum

Papaveraceae

Greater Celandine

Poppy

Poaceae

(Formerly Known As Gramineae)

Wheat

Barley

Rice

Oats

Rye

Bamboo

Palmarosa

Vetiver Grass

Lemon Grass

Australian Native Lemon Grasses

Vanilla Grass

Corn

Incense Grass

Citronella Grass

Reed Canary Grass

Job’s Tears

Zebra Grass

Job’s Tears

 

Polygonaceae

Buckwheat

Vietnamese Hot Mint

Tade

Rhubarb

Turkey Rhubarb

French Sorrel

Sheep Sorrel

Docks

Portulacaceae

Purslane

Leaf Ginseng

Jade

Piperaceae

Peppercorns

Betel Leaf

Betel Pepper

Kava

Rosacea

# Symbol - Love

Rose

Hawthorn

Nectarine

Strawberries

Blackberries

Raspberries

Native Raspberries

Agrimony

Salad Burnet

Meadowsweet

Ladies Mantle

Potentilla

Cinquefoil

Avens

Apples

Pear

Quince

Almond

Peach

Cherries

Apricot

Prune

And All In The Prunus Genus

Rutaceae

Curry Leaf Tree

Bael Fruit

Rue

Lemon

Orange

Mandarin

Wampi

Pummelo

Grape Fruit

Elephant Apple

Lime

Australian Finger Lime

Boronia

Kaffir Lime

White Sapote

Kumquat

Scrophulariaceae

Brahmi

Rau Om

Paulownia

Black Mullein

White Mullein

Brooklime

Speedwell

Solanaceae

Tomato

Potato

Capsicum

Chillies

Indian Ginseng

Goji Berry

Eggplant

Cape Gooseberry

Chinese Lantern

Pepino

Duboisia

Udder Plant *

Mandrake

Henbane *

Tobacco *

Datura *

Jimson Weed *

Shoofly Plant *

Native Gooseberry

Australian Native Tomato

Black Nightshade

Belladonna *

Duboisia

Kantikari

Devil’s Apple *

Tamarillo

Tiliaceae

Salad Mallow

Jute

Linden

Grewia